dedicated to the treatment of fertility problems
Surgical Sperm Retrieval (SSR)
This is a procedure aiming at retrieving sperm from male partners with no sperm in semen or difficulties in ejaculation. After obtaining sperm via SSR, embryologist will employ the technique of Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), i.e., injecting a sperm directly into an egg under the microscope. The fertilized egg will then be cultured to develop into an embryo for transfer.

Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA)
This technique can be applied to men with no sperm in semen due to obstructive causes. This is a procedure done by the urologist, who performs fine needle aspiration of sperm from the epididymis through the scrotal skin. The retrieved sperm will be used for subsequent ICSI.

Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA)
This technique can be applied to men with no sperm in semen due to obstructive causes. A large bore needle is used to puncture the scrotal skin and retrieve testicular tissues for sperm extraction. The number of sperm retrieved via TESA is less but the epididymal tubules will not be damaged.

Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)
This technique can be applied to men with no sperm in semen due to testicular failure. Small amount of tissues are biopsied from the testis and examined under microscope for the presence of sperm.



Frozen-Thawed Embryo Transfer (FET)Sperm/Egg Freezing and Storage